Government of India has introduced Central Excises and Salt Act 1944 w.e.f. 24.2.1944 for collection of Excise duty on manufacture of goods including Tax on salt. In the year 1962, Government of India has introduced levy of Customs on imports and exports through enactment of Customs Act, 1962. For collection and administration of Central Excise and Customs, the Government of India created a separate Board, Central Board of Excise and Customs(CBEC) in 1964 under the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance through Central Boards of Revenue Act, 1963. Later, in 1994, Government of India introduced levy of Service Tax on certain services. The indirect taxes are a major source of revenue and contributing 35 to 40%.of revenue to the exchequer.
For collection of Indirect taxes, the Central Board of Excise & Customs has formed several Collectorates (now Commissionerates) headed by a Collector (Now Commissioner) with field formations of Divisions/Ranges/Sectors/Circles headed by Assistant Collector (now Assistant Commissioner). The Hyderabad Collectorate was formed 70 years back covering the entire undivided State of Andhra Pradesh.
The Central Board of Excise and Customs has reviewed the requirement of man power from time to time and restructured the cadres by revising the Sanctioned Strength from time to time. The Guntur Collectorate (now Guntur Commissionerate) was formed in the year 1972 and the Visakhapatnam Collectorate (now Visakhapatnam Commissionerate) in 1990. All the Commissionerates of erstwhile Hyderabad, Guntur and Vishakhapatnam Commissionerates were under a single Zone. Consequent to cadre restructuring in 2002, two Zones were formed (i) Hyderabad Zone covering all the districts of Telangana region (ii) Visakhapatnam Zone covering remaining districts of Rayalaseema and Coastal districts of erstwhile Andhra Pradesh. Again, CBEC has reviewed the requirement of manpower and restructured the cadres in the year 2014 (incidentally the State of Andhra Pradesh was divided into two States viz., Telangana and Andhra Pradesh in the same year) by creating the separate Commissionerates of Customs, Service Tax and Audit in Hyderabad Zone.
The Government of India has introduced Goods and Services Tax from 01.07.2017 by replacing the existing indirect taxes including Central Excise, Service Tax, VAT etc., Accordingly, CBEC has reorganised its formations. Further, Central Board of Excise & Customs (CBEC) has also been renamed as Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC). At present, CBIC is having 21 Zones, 101 GST Tax payer Services Commissionerates comprising 15 sub-Commissionerates, 768 Divisions, 3969 Ranges, 49 Audit Commissionerates and 50 Appeals Commissionerates. This will ensure rendering of taxpayer services to all the taxpayers through an indirect tax administration structure, having pan-India presence.
Consequent to GST implementation w.e.f. 01.07.2017, Hyderabad Zone comprises of 04 GST Commissionerates viz.,Hyderabad Medchal, Secunderabad and Rangareddy, 02 Audit Commissionerates viz., Audit –I and Audit -II and 02 Appeals Commissionerates viz., Appeals –I and Appeals –II in addition to the Hyderabad Customs Commissionerate. The Chief Commissioner’s Office of GST & Customs, Hyderabad Zone is located at GST Bhavan, Basheerbagh, Hyderabad, having its jurisdiction over the entire State of Telangana, for collection of Customs & Indirect Taxes. The Zone is headed by a Chief Commissioner. Shri. Vasa Sesha Giri Rao, IRS is presently the Chief Commissioner of Hyderabad GST & Customs Zone.